Premature infants are also the cause of cerebral palsy. Due to the improvement of medical treatment, many children whose gestational age is only 28 weeks and whose weight is less than 1 kg have been rescued and survived. However, due to the small gestational age and immature brain development, brain injury is easy to occur. If central dyskinesia occurs after injury, it may lead to cerebral palsy.
Neonatal asphyxia is also the cause of cerebral palsy, especially severe asphyxia. Due to hypoxia, it is easy to cause brain edema and intracranial hemorrhage, resulting in brain tissue damage. Modern research has found that severe asphyxia children have brain injury before birth, which leads to delivery failure. Therefore, a new point of view is that fetal brain injury leads to neonatal asphyxia, and then aggravates neonatal brain injury.
Jaundice is a process that most children may experience after birth. But if the treatment is not timely, bilirubin will enter the central nervous system, especially in the basal ganglia, hypothalamic nucleus and caudate nucleus of the brain, which may lead to nuclear jaundice and mental retardation or cerebral palsy, which is one of the causes of cerebral palsy.
Brain damage during delivery. Perinatal factors of various causes, such as intrauterine hypoxia, perinatal asphyxia caused by hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, cerebral hemorrhage and so on.
Congenital developmental disorders. Many cerebral palsy is associated with congenital defects in the prenatal fetus. Fetal brain development malformations caused by internal and external environmental factors, such as maternal and infant early severe nutritional deficiency, including trace element deficiency, infection, injury, radiation, etc., are important factors leading to cerebral palsy.
Postnatal factors. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, convulsion, severe asphyxia, etc. In the process of female pregnancy, "tonic" is an indispensable step of nutrition saving, which not only ensures the physical health of the mother, but also maintains the nutritional needs of the fetus. Trace elements play an important role in the development of human body, especially in the process of normal growth and maintenance. Because the occurrence and development of cerebral palsy are the results of abnormal brain tissue development, secondary injury and metabolic abnormalities, some essential trace elements, such as zinc, iron, selenium, copper and manganese, may play a specific role in the occurrence and development of cerebral palsy.