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名  称:为什么有些孩子生下来就是脑瘫?  
早产儿也是脑瘫的原因。由于医疗水平的提高,很多胎龄只有28周,体重在1公斤以下的孩子得到了抢救并存活下来。但由于胎龄小,脑发育不成熟,容易发生脑损伤。如果损伤后出现中枢性运动障碍,可能会导致脑瘫。
Premature infants are also the cause of cerebral palsy. Due to the improvement of medical treatment, many children whose gestational age is only 28 weeks and whose weight is less than 1 kg have been rescued and survived. However, due to the small gestational age and immature brain development, brain injury is easy to occur. If central dyskinesia occurs after injury, it may lead to cerebral palsy.
新生儿窒息也是脑瘫的原因,尤其是重度窒息。由于缺氧,容易引起脑水肿和颅内出血,造成脑组织损伤。现代研究发现,重度窒息儿童出生前有脑损伤,脑损伤的存在导致分娩失败。因此,一种新的观点认为,胎儿脑损伤导致新生儿窒息,进而加重新生儿脑损伤。
Neonatal asphyxia is also the cause of cerebral palsy, especially severe asphyxia. Due to hypoxia, it is easy to cause brain edema and intracranial hemorrhage, resulting in brain tissue damage. Modern research has found that severe asphyxia children have brain injury before birth, which leads to delivery failure. Therefore, a new point of view is that fetal brain injury leads to neonatal asphyxia, and then aggravates neonatal brain injury.
黄疸是大多数孩子出生后可能经历的过程。但如果治疗不及时,胆红素会进入中枢神经系统,特别是积聚在大脑的基底神经节、丘下核和尾状核,可能导致核性黄疸和智力低下或脑瘫,是脑瘫的原因之一。
Jaundice is a process that most children may experience after birth. But if the treatment is not timely, bilirubin will enter the central nervous system, especially in the basal ganglia, hypothalamic nucleus and caudate nucleus of the brain, which may lead to nuclear jaundice and mental retardation or cerebral palsy, which is one of the causes of cerebral palsy.
分娩时脑损伤。围产期各种原因的因素,如宫内缺氧、围产期窒息引起的缺氧缺血性脑病、脑出血等。
Brain damage during delivery. Perinatal factors of various causes, such as intrauterine hypoxia, perinatal asphyxia caused by hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, cerebral hemorrhage and so on.
先天性发育障碍。许多脑瘫与产前胎儿的先天缺陷有关。内外环境因素引起的胎儿脑发育畸形,如母婴早期严重营养缺乏,包括微量元素缺乏、感染、损伤、辐射等,是导致脑瘫的重要因素。
Congenital developmental disorders. Many cerebral palsy is associated with congenital defects in the prenatal fetus. Fetal brain development malformations caused by internal and external environmental factors, such as maternal and infant early severe nutritional deficiency, including trace element deficiency, infection, injury, radiation, etc., are important factors leading to cerebral palsy.
出生后的因素。新生儿时期高胆红质血症、惊厥、重症窒息等。在女性妊娠的过程当中,“进补”是不可或缺的营养储蓄步骤,它不仅保证了母体的身体机能健康,更维持了胎儿的营养需求。但在补食的过程中,一定要求全面,特别是注重微量元素的定期摄入,因为微量元素特别是必需微量元素在保障胚胎发育、维持人体生长和正常代谢中发挥着重要作用。由于脑瘫的发生发展均是脑组织发育异常、继发损伤和代谢异常的结果,因此一些必需微量元素,例如锌、铁、硒、铜、锰的异常,可能对脑瘫的发生发展起着特定的影响作用。
Postnatal factors. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, convulsion, severe asphyxia, etc. In the process of female pregnancy, "tonic" is an indispensable step of nutrition saving, which not only ensures the physical health of the mother, but also maintains the nutritional needs of the fetus. Trace elements play an important role in the development of human body, especially in the process of normal growth and maintenance. Because the occurrence and development of cerebral palsy are the results of abnormal brain tissue development, secondary injury and metabolic abnormalities, some essential trace elements, such as zinc, iron, selenium, copper and manganese, may play a specific role in the occurrence and development of cerebral palsy.



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